Brain Injuries



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Traumatic Brain Injuries & (TBI)

Types of Injury
Complications
Terminology
Disabilities
Long Term Problems

Treatment Options

At the hospital
Rehabilitation
Evaluating TBI
Glasgow Coma Score

Coping with the Injury

Clinical Trial Evaluation
 
At Risk Activities
 
SUV Rollovers & Brain Injury
 
Financial Assistance
 

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Traumatic Brain Injuries - TBI


Long-Term Problems Associated With TBI
 

Other long-term problems that can develop after a TBI include Parkinson's disease and other motor problems, Alzheimer's disease, dementia pugilistica, and post-traumatic dementia.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) - AD is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease characterized by dementia, memory loss, and deteriorating cognitive abilities. Recent research suggests an association between head injury in early adulthood and the development of AD later in life; the more severe the head injury, the greater the risk of developing AD. Some evidence indicates that a head injury may interact with other factors to trigger the disease and may hasten the onset of the disease in individuals already at risk. For example, people who have a particular form of the protein apolipoprotein E (apoE4) and suffer a head injury fall into this increased risk category. (ApoE4 is a naturally occurring protein that helps transport cholesterol through the bloodstream.)

Parkinson's disease and other motor problems - Movement disorders as a result of TBI are rare but can occur. Parkinson's disease may develop years after TBI as a result of damage to the basal ganglia. Symptoms of Parkinson's disease include tremor or trembling, rigidity or stiffness, slow movement (bradykinesia), inability to move (akinesia), shuffling walk, and stooped posture. Despite many scientific advances in recent years, Parkinson's disease remains a chronic and progressive disorder, meaning that it is incurable and will progress in severity until the end of life. Other movement disorders that may develop after TBI include tremor, ataxia (uncoordinated muscle movements), and myoclonus (shock-like contractions of muscles).

Dementia pugilistica - Also called chronic traumatic encephalopathy, dementia pugilistica primarily affects career boxers. The most common symptoms of the condition are dementia and parkinsonism caused by repetitive blows to the head over a long period of time. Symptoms begin anywhere between 6 and 40 years after the start of a boxing career, with an average onset of about 16 years.

Post-traumatic dementia - The symptoms of post-traumatic dementia are very similar to those of dementia pugilistica, except that post-traumatic dementia is also characterized by long-term memory problems and is caused by a single, severe TBI that results in a coma.


 

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Research
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First Name
Last Name
Address
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State
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Phone

Email
   
Have you or a loved one had a:
Brain Injury?

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How was you or your loved one injured?
Car or SUV Accident:
  Yes   No

Car Rollover:

  Yes   No
SUV Rollover:
  Yes   No
Vehicle Roof Crush Injury:
  Yes   No
Tire Failure:
  Yes   No
Wearing Seatbelt:
  Yes   No
Other Accident:
  Yes   No
Disease:
  Yes   No
Age of Injured Person:
  
Date Injury Occurred:
  
   

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what happened: